The Pew Research Center just launched a new website Global Religious Future that “analyzes religious change and its impact on societies around the world”. Their latest data comes from an impressive survey they did of Islam and its values across the world “– which involved more than 38,000 face-to-face interviews in 80-plus languages with Muslims across Europe, Asia, the Middle East and Africa –” The results were also compared to previous data they had concerning Muslims in America and were released in three phases:
Tolerance and Tension: Islam and Christianity in Sub-Saharan Africa (released April 15, 2010)
The World’s Muslims: Unity and Diversity (released Aug. 9, 2012)
The World’s Muslims: Religion, Politics and Society (released April 30, 2013)
Here are a few standout points:
At least half of Muslims in most countries surveyed say they are concerned about religious extremist groups in their country, including two-thirds or more of Muslims in Egypt (67%), Tunisia (67%), Iraq (68%), Guinea Bissau (72%) and Indonesia (78%). On balance, more are worried about Islamic extremists than about Christian extremists.
Muslims around the world overwhelmingly view certain behaviors – including prostitution, homosexuality, suicide, abortion, euthanasia and consumption of alcohol – as immoral. But attitudes toward polygamy, divorce and birth control are more varied.
Relatively few Muslims say that tensions between more religiously observant and less observant Muslims are a very big problem in their country.
In most countries where a question about so-called “honor” killings was asked, majorities of Muslims say such killings are never justified.
Support for making sharia the official law of the land tends to be higher in countries like Pakistan (84%) and Morocco (83%) where the constitution or basic laws favor Islam over other religions.
Muslims in the U.S. are about as likely as Muslims in other countries to view science and religion as fully compatible. In the U.S., 59% of Muslims say there generally is not a conflict between science and religion, compared with a median of 54% globally among Muslims. However, American Muslims are somewhat less likely to believe in evolution than are Muslims in other parts of the world (45% vs. global median of 53%). Indeed, when it comes to evolution, U.S. Muslims are closer to U.S. Christians (46% of whom say they believe in evolution) than they are to fellow Muslims elsewhere in the world.
In our last post we published the result of a survey by an Asian-American author (on Asian-american methods of parenting) and we saw that by changing the Eurocentric profiles to create new ones “fit better the style of the East-Asian families” she achieved more satisfying results. How would that survey be if it was conducted by a Turkish organization for instance?
For awesome info-graphics, hit the link after the jump.